What does attestation mean?
Attestation defines the authenticity of the document. It marks the stamp of approval which denotes validity. For example, an attested birth certificate interprets its validity. This validity is proven by the Municipal Corporation of the region. And the corporation is governed by the government. Therefore, it is a proven document of an individual’s right of acquiring citizenship.
Attestation for educational and non-educational certificates
The community of non-residents of India (NRIs) requires attestation now and then. And the prospective NRIs join their board through attestation of their documents. For it, their certificates are categorized into educational and non-educational ones.
The below mentioned documents fall under educational certificates:
- School certificate
- Degree certificate
- Mark sheets
The above gone certificates are attested by the educational institutions. Such institutions can be school, university, deemed university/ school, government recognized institution and private/ public educational organization.
Further, these certificates are validated through Ministry of External Affairs (MEA)/HRD. Then only, the prospective students or professional receive approval for joining the league of migrants.
Immigration needs the approval of the government. Of course like other countries, the service of certificate attestation in India is in the hands of MEA. Under it, there are many signatory authorities. Before learning them, let’s catch the roundup of non-educational certificates:
- Birth certificate
- Non-availability of birth certificate
- Death certificate
- Divorce certificate
- Employment certificate
- Marriage certificate
- CENOMAR/ Single Status Certificate/Bachelorhood Certificate
- PIO card (Person of Indian Origin)
- OCI card (Overseas Citizen of India)
- Medical certificate
- Visa, Visa Extension
- Police Clearance Certificate for Indian/Foreigners
The foregone certificates get approval of the government. The government has formed a hierarchy for it. The highest authority is entrusted to the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA).
From the above ones, personal certificates receive stamp from the regional headquarter of the Municipal Corporation and marriage registrar. As there are 29 states and 7 union territories in India, each region or district has its own regional MCD office. From there, anyone can obtain his/her personal certificate.
The attestation authority for immigration certificates is grouped into three-level hierarchy. It is captioned under the Apostille services. Let’s go through its hierarchy:
- State attestation: Education and home departments
- MEA attestation: Education and home department, Sub-Divisional Magistrate/Magistrate/ Commissioner, Superintendent and district Judges
- Embassy attestation